BBA – III (Hons.)
Course Number :BA (H) – 451
Credit Hours : 03

Objective

After studying this course the student will know how to collect the data, its nature, its average value and variation in it. The student will be able to compare the variability of two or more heterogeneous groups. The student can compare the prices, quantities and values etc. of a group of related articles at one date with those of the same group of related articles at different date. The student will be able to evaluate the amount of relationship between two or more linearly related variables. In addition to this the student will be able to predict the expected production, demand, consumption etc.

Course Contents

1. Defining the Role of Statistics in Business
2. 1.1 Definition of ‘Statistics’ (Singular Sense and Plural Sense)
1.2 Application of Statistics in Business
1.3 Four Basic Activities of Statistics
1.4 Probability – Definition and Difference between Probability and Statistics

3. Classification andTabulation of Data
4. 2.1 Univariate, Bivariate, Multivariate
2.2 Quantitative and Qualitative Data
2.3 Tabulation of Discrete Data
2.4 Tabulation of Continuous Data
2.5 Concept of Mid Point
2.6 Concept of Cumulative Frequencies
2.7 Concept of Relative Frequency

5. Graphical Representation of Data
6. 3.1 Preparation of Histogram
3.2 Frequency Curve
3.2 Frequency Polygon
3.3 Cumulative Frequency Curve or Ogive

7. Representation of Data Through Diagrams
8. 4.1 Bar diagram and Multiple Bar Diagram
4.2 Rectangles and Subdivided Rectangles
4.3 Pie Diagram or Sector Diagram

9. Central Tendency of Data and Its Central Value or Average Value
10. 5.1 Measure of Average Value A.M, G.M, H.M, Median and Mode
5.2 Relationship between A.M, G.M and H.M
5.3 Relationship between Mean, Median and Mode
5.4 Properties of A.M
5.5 Effect of Change of Origin and Scale on A.M
5.6 Selection of Proper Measure of Average in Various Situations
5.7 Exploratory Data Analysis Tools : Stem-and-Leaf Plot, Box-and-Whisper
Plot

11. Quartiles
12. 6.1 Quartiles for Ungrouped and Grouped Data
6.2 Deciles for Grouped Data
6.3 Percentiles for Grouped Data and Its Application

13. Dispersion
14. 7.1 Absolute Measures
7.2 Relative Measures and Its Application

15. Concepts of Symmetry and Peakness
16. 8.1 Measures of Skewness
8.2 Measures of Kurtosis

17. Counting Techniques
18. 9.1 Permutation
9.2 Combination
9.3 Problems on Permutation and Combination

19. Probability as a Numerical Measure of Uncertainty

10.1 Application of Addition Laws of Probability for Mutually Exclusive Events
as well as for Not Mutually Exclusive Events, Its Application
10.2 Application of Multiplicative Laws of Probability for Dependent Events and as well as for Independent Events, Its Application
10.3 Probability Tree, Venn Diagram, Joint Probability Table

20. Difference Between a Variable and a Random Variable

11.1 Mathematical Expectation of a Random Variable
11.2 Conversion of Frequency Distribution into Probability Distribution (Discrete and Continuous)
11.3 Finding Means, Variance, Standard Deviation and Co-efficient of Variation of Probability Distribution. Discrete Probability Distribution such as Binomial, Poisson Distributions, Properties and Application in Solving of Business Problems
11.4 Normal Distribution

21. Concepts of Regression and Correlation Between Two Linearly Related Variables and Their Applications